During any production process, a manufacturer requires relevant data and accurate information to start out the process accurately. Exactly the same happens with the textile material. Manufacturing of textile goods with yarn or thread includes a number of processes that need different data and units to generate best quality of the fabric. There are numerous units which are utilized to measure the yarn count of มาตรฐาน การทดสอบสิ่งทอ. Some conventional units which are used to determine the measurement of yarn are cotton count, worsted count and yield count.
Apart from the above-mentioned counts, the most common and well known measuring units which are utilized to look at the linear density of fiber are Denier and Tex. The unit “Tex” is used within the textile manufacturing industries of Europe and Canada, whilst the unit “Denier” is utilized mainly in textile manufacturing industries in the UK and US. The SI unit to compute the linear density of yarn is measured in “kilogram in one meter”. Let’s discuss the units in more detail.
Denier – A Denier is a very basic unit which is used to look at the linear density from the fibers and is also calculated within the heap of fiber in 9000 meters of the size of a fiber. The computation is done on the basis of natural reference which state that one particular filament of silk, which can be 9000 meters long is equivalent to one gram. Even the filament of 9000 meters, that is under one gram, is regarded as a micro – denier.
Tex – Tex is another measuring unit of textile which will help to appraise the linear density of fiber. The unit Tex is computed by determining the load of fiber per 1000 Km length. Another popular measurement unit which is often used through the textile manufacturers is “Decitex”, which is equal to the load of fiber (in gram) per 10000 meters of fiber.
Above discussed measuring units are essentially utilized in equipment to discover the excellence of the products they manufacture. To discover the precise count of the material, Beesley balance can be used. It is easy to use testing equipment that is used to determine accurately the yarn count of any provided fiber. The Beesley balance is definitely a lightweight device, which rotates on tiny jewel bearings. On the one end from the beam, a hook is found and pointer on the contrary.
To operate the instrument, first of all, a tip is put in this particular manner so it directly points to some datum line. On the tip side, a weight of the standard size is placed in a notch. Now small lengths of yarn are cut by using a template. The short lengths from the fabrics are sliced with the aid of a template. These pieces are put on the hook until the pointer comes from the datum line. The quantity of threads necessary to cover the location till the datum line supplies the yarn count. This count will then be employed to determine various properties of fibers.
The very best color measurement instrument is just one which not only helps you to look at the major properties of any specimen which are of high interest, but also which may be re-occurred with the required acceptance. The highly précised measurement is the consequence of difficult amalgamation of things like, nature of the specimen, condition of the sample with regards to changing environmental conditions during the time of testing, testing instrument as well as the manner of performing the test.
There are vast varieties of Textile Testing manufactured in textile industries with various pattern, styles, fabrics and materials. These varieties sometimes create severe difficulties when attempting to produce highly précised visual characteristics of the product in terms of its color and look. There is certainly numerous literature which are working with the colour of the product spxmvs its appearance in different light shades. But the real difference between the both is explained as follows: Appearance is explained as not just the color in the material, but it also includes various attributes like its luster, gloss, and translucency. Compared to this, color is defined only by excluding all the attributes like transparency, gloss, and luster.