Batteries today are omnipresent today they are invisible to us. Running in cars, digital camera models, drones, bulbs, mechanical tools, inverters, ships, trains, airplanes, windmills as well as satellites. The basic science behind the battery is chemical energy converting to electrical power containing three main components: Anode, Cathode, and Electrolyte. The revolution in the battery over the years are through several stages of chemical combinations and implementations. Beginning from Voltaic Pile to Daniell Cell, then from Lead-Acid to Nickel Cadmium battery, further evolving to Alkaline Battery, lithium ion battery manufacturers and then finally to Lithium-ion battery. These can be found in all sizes and shapes according to the requirement along with its possibly packed power capacity.
Lithium Ion batteries was considered to be powerful and high duty as compared to its predecessor including the Nickel Cadmium and also the Alkaline Batteries. Well, many were born ahead of the use digital camera models in to the market. During the 1990’s the alkaline battery was the most common batteries; it is known to provide power to just about any digital or portable device. This can be was the proffered selection of many during the said decade. But everything changed during the development of cameras and cellphones particularly the battery packs found in these products.
Lithium Ion or Li-ion batteries are definitely the most innovative in various applications like mobile devices and the likes. Previously, nickel metal hydride from the NiMh as well as the nickel cadmium batteries NiCd would be the main battery preferred by portable devices. However the lithium ion battery possesses plenty of features that can not be found in the alkaline, nickel metal hydride and also the nickel cadmium batteries. The NiMh, NiCd as well as the Li-ion are common rechargeable batteries. It needs to be noted the lithium ion batteries are entirely different from the custom battery pack manufacturers, which can be not capable of being recharged. The lithium ion battery is the only person competent at being recharge for nearly 100 cycles.
Working: The Lithium-ion battery pack consist of graphite, oxygen, metal, and naturally lithium, which runs in a cycle of discharging and charging. While producing energy, the lithium moves to the positive cathode over the electrolyte, even though charging, the ions proceed to the positive anode. This cycle repeats during the period of some time and degrades the potency from the ions in providing the electric charge. The lithium-ion has 250Wh/kg (Watt-hours per kilogram) of energy while NiMH has mere 90Wh/kg. It is a vast difference for any small, portable and noiseless rechargeable battery.
Concern Parameters: The 10 parameters that the Lithium-ion battery pack’s development covers are high specific energy, specific power, affordable cost, longer life, better safety, wide temperature operating range, non-toxic, fast charging, lower self-discharge and longer life expectancy. During the early stages, the expense of a Li-ion battery was $3000 per kWh, while Lead-acid battery cost $150 per kWh. But over time, due to multiple benefits associated with Li-ion battery pack, being 150Wh/kg a lot more than the NiMH, the price is dramatically falling costing now $150 to $240 per kWh. Tesla’s goal is always to reach $100 per kWh on lithium-ion battery packs for your cars.
NEW ERA: In 2005, there is an overall total of approximately $4900mil within the sales of lithium-ion batteries while in 2015 it is spiked to $15200mil wherein $4800mil is within automotive alone. It really is expected to reach 10% on the total quantity of cars on the road to be battery EVs by 2020 from .3% today as well as 35% by 2035. There is an even higher growth rate in China, Europe, and Japan as compared to the US. Statistically consuming 1900TWh for Li-ion battery pack by 2035, which is equivalent to power the entire individuals for 160days.
FUTURE: There is certainly still much to develop the custom lithium ion battery manufacturers as over the years we haven’t come up with anything beyond lithium-ion battery packs configured in parallel or series to offer the desired voltage, power density, and capacity. We sure have changed the contents and also the proportion in the blend of raw materials to improve the capabilities, but sjwoje continues to be plenty of work that needs to be put into the battery technology. The targets are to reach over 700Wh/kg for that of 400Wh/kg we have been on today. By 2020, 75% of batteries are anticipated to contain cobalt, in some capacity at least together with better anodes and enhancing electrolytes.
Over time, lithium ion battery pack is to be cheaper and more efficient up to the existing ones. Moreover, Lithium Air technology is in cultivation, which shall have 10times the power density than Li-ion. The entire world for lithium ion battery pack isn’t going to end for the next half century at least, which makes it the highest developing area in technology.